Myeloma is a cancer that affects plasma cells, white blood cells that are responsible for producing antibodies that fight infections and diseases within the body. By preventing antibodies from working, myeloma cells contribute to a weakened immune system that is more prone to infection.
Individuals who are more at risk of this cancer are typically men, those who are obese, those who have been exposed to radiation, those who have worked in a petroleum-related industry, or those who are over 50 years old.
Multiple treatment options can assist with easing bone pain and slowing down the myeloma cells' growth. Your health and stage of myeloma will determine which treatment option may be most effective. The treatments include chemotherapy, anemia drugs, immunomodulators, stem cell transplant, and radiation therapy.